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Friar Julian || From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia || Jump to navigationJump to search || || ‎This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding ‎citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. || Find sources: ‎‎”Friar Julian” – news • newspapers • books • scholar • JSTOR (April 2014) (Learn how and when to ‎remove this template message) || || Julian and Gerard. The work of Károly Antal (Károly Antal). ‎Budapest || Friar Julian (Hungarian: Julianus barát) was one of a group of Hungarian Dominican ‎friars who, in 1235, left Hungary in order to find those Magyars who — according to the chronicles ‎‎— remained in the eastern homeland. After travelling a great distance, Friar Julian reached the ‎capital of Volga Bulgaria, where he was told that the Magyars lived only two days’ travel away. ‎Julian found them, and despite the gap of at least 300–400 years since the split between the ‎Magyars that invaded and settled in Pannonia and those that were found in Bashkiria, their ‎language remained mutually intelligible, and they were able to communicate.[1] || || || Friar ‎Julian’s journey || Julian named the old country Magna Hungaria or Great Hungary. He became ‎aware of stories about the Tatars, who were the enemies of the eastern Magyars and Bulgars. Two ‎years after the original journey, Julian returned to Magna Hungaria, only to find it had been ‎devastated by the Mongol Tatars. He returned to his kingdom with news of mortal danger and a ‎Mongol ultimatum to Hungary.[2][3] || The Dominican order was established in Hungary in 1221 ‎with the aim of evangelizing the East, which simultaneously raised the issue of discovering the ‎Hungarians who had remained on the native soil. The significance of Julian’s travels: he was the first ‎one to bring valid information about Hungarians living in Magna Hungaria, which contributes a lot to ‎research on Hungarian history, he was the first one to bring news on the upcoming Tatar invasion ‎on Europe, he was the first European traveler who gathered valid information on Asia, and his ‎descriptions are of great importance from the geographical aspect, which gave essential motivation ‎to future explorers and researchers. || || See also || Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria || Battle ‎of Mohi || Eastern Magyars || References || Arnold Joseph Toynbee, Constantine ‎Porphyrogenitus and his world, Oxford University Press, 1973, p. 421 || Klima, László: The Linguistic ‎Affinity of the Volgaic Finno-Ugrians and Their Ethnogenesis. Studia Historica Fenno-ugrica I. Oulu, ‎‎1996. 21–33. || Magyar Utazok Lexikona (cyclopaedia of Hungarian travellers). Editor: Denes ‎Balazs,Panorama, Budapest, 1993. ISBN 963-243-344-0 [1] || ‎